“The Garden of Paradise at the Art Institute of Chicago and its relationship to the work of Hieronymus Bosch” (Susan Frances Jones) 2003
[in: Hélène Verougstraete and Roger Van Schoute (eds.), Le dessin sous-jacent et la technologie dans la peinture. Colloque XIV. 13-15 septembre 2001. Bruges-Rotterdam. Jérôme Bosch et son entourage et autres études. Uitgeverij Peeters, Louvain-Paris-Dudley (Ma.), 2003, pp. 140-149]
The Garden of Paradise (Chicago, Art Institute), a little panel attributed to a follower of Hieronymus Bosch and in a seriously damaged condition, has recently been studied with the help of infrared reflectography. In 1976-77 the panel was restored and this restoration affected all the figures and different areas of the landscape. The underdrawing is a free sketch that outlines and positions all the principal elements of the design with relatively broad, uncontrolled brushstrokes. The final painted version deviates from the underdrawing several times, although there are no major changes. Overall the underdrawing appears broadly related to the type of underdrawing found in the Bosch group by Van Schoute.
Dendrochronological analysis allows for a date after 1479. The panel may have been painted in the period 1500-1520 (or shortly before that, or shortly after that) as was already pointed out by Unverfehrt in 1980. Further research will have to make clear whether the panel can be attributed to Bosch’s workshop or to one of his closely related followers from ’s-Hertogenbosch or Antwerp.